Impact of a social skills intervention on the hostile attributions of children with prenatal alcohol exposure.

TitleImpact of a social skills intervention on the hostile attributions of children with prenatal alcohol exposure.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsKeil V, Paley B, Frankel F, O'Connor MJ
JournalAlcohol Clin Exp Res
Date Published2010 Feb
KeywordsAdaptation, Psychological, Central Nervous System Depressants, Child, Child Behavior Disorders, Cohort Studies, Ethanol, Female, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, Friends, Hostility, Humans, Intelligence Tests, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Mental Processes, Neuropsychological Tests, Patient Participation, Pregnancy, Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects, Psychotherapy, Social Behavior, Social Perception, Socialization

BACKGROUND: Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) has been linked to a wide array of developmental deficits, including significant impairments in social skills. Given the extensive body of evidence linking social information-processing patterns with social behavior, it is possible that social information-processing may represent one mechanism of behavioral change. The present investigation sought to answer the question of whether a well-established social skills intervention decreased the hostile attributions of children with PAE. Further, was there a differential impact of the intervention on hostile attributions in the context of peer provocation versus group entry scenarios?

METHODS: Participants consisted of 100 children (51% male) with PAE between the ages of 6 and 12 years. Participants were randomly assigned to either a social skills intervention, Children's Friendship Training (CFT), or to a Delayed Treatment Control (DTC) condition.

RESULTS: Analyses indicated that the social skills intervention resulted in a significantly lower proportion of hostile attributions in peer group entry, but not peer provocation, scenarios. This decrease was maintained over a 3-month follow-up period.

CONCLUSIONS: Deficits in social information-processing among individuals with PAE can be improved through social skills intervention, and these changes may lead to more positive developmental outcomes.

Alternate JournalAlcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.
PubMed ID19930237
Grant ListUDD000041 / / PHS HHS / United States