Scholars

Research Interests:
Focusing on health disparities that impact at-risk and underserved populations. More specifically, developing and evaluating culturally appropriate behavioral interventions that improve health outcomes among African Americans. Currently investigating the impact of community violence and stress on substance use, high risk sexual behaviors, and treatment related outcomes among African American transitional age youth in public housing environments. Currently in the early development stage of investigating the feasibility of using social media to recruit and engage African Americans in a substance use disorder intervention. Broader research interests include mHealth, neighborhood context, community based participatory research, and social justice as it relates to substance use and HIV infection and progression.

Assistant Professor, Department of Prevention and Community Health, George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health
Associate Research Scientist, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Yale School of Public Health

Research Interests:
Dr. Taggart conducts socioepidemiologic studies to examine the contextual (e.g., neighborhoods and social networks) and cultural (e.g., religiosity, racial identity, and masculinity) determinants of health, and then uses CBPR methods to develop and implement interventions to reduce HIV risk and substance use among racial/ethnic minority and socioeconomically disadvantaged adolescents and emerging adults. Her current work focuses on two areas: (1) Applying a community engaged framework to examine systems level factors associated with PrEP uptake among adolescents; and (2) Utilizing activity space assessments and biopsychosocial models of stress to examine the mechanisms connecting discriminatory neighborhood environments and HIV-related behaviors.

Erik D. Storholm, Ph.D. is an Associate Behavioral Scientist at the RAND Corporation in Santa Monica, California and a Licensed Clinical Psychologist.

Research Interests:
Primary research interests are the area of health disparities, specifically in the development, implementation, and evaluation of individual and community-based interventions that focus on mental health, substance abuse, and the prevention of HIV/STI transmission among high-risk minority populations.

Research Interests:
Focuses on sexual and reproductive health, and on childbearing decision-making for women living with HIV/AIDS, with a particular focus on the role of social stigma. Currently collaborating with the UCSF Women’s HIV Program to implement and evaluate a new model of trauma-informed primary care that acknowledges and addresses the impact of current and lifelong trauma (abuse, neglect, structural violence) on the lives and health outcomes of women living with HIV.Also, examining the experience of prescription opiate tapering on providers and patients in a clinical setting.

Research Interests:
Examining the social processes that create and perpetuate racial and ethnic disparities in HIV. Her research has examined the intersection of individual level experiences of discrimination, macro-level neighborhood characteristics and social network relationships on high-risk drug and sexual behaviors. Dr. Crawford's research aims to inform structural interventions and policies that reduce substance use, high-risk drug and sexual behaviors, and ultimately racial and ethnic disparities in HIV. Dr. Crawford received her PhD in Epidemiology from Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and completed her post-doctoral training at the University of Michigan as a Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholar .

Research Interests:
Investigating the intersection of HIV and the criminal justice system, health disparities, social exclusion and the social determinants of health. Expertise includes mixed methods research including qualitative and quantitative analysis. Currently conducting research that integrates social science perspectives on biomedical HIV prevention techniques among at-risk, criminal justice involved populations.

Research Interests:
Racial/Ethnic/Gender related health disparities that impact the lives of vulnerable and underserved populations; Developing and evaluating behavioral interventions that promote pathways to human well-being; Substance use disorders, including alcohol, and the link to sexual risk behavior patterns; Currently investigating the co-occurring impact of trauma exposure and daily stresses among recently arrived ethnic minority refugee men in the United States; Additional interests include the intersections of gender and health; family violence; global health, and social networks.

Research Interests:
Examining impact of social, biological, and cultural determinants on mental health disparities among Latino youth populations; co-occurring mental health and risk-tasking behaviors including trauma, substance use and violence risk; neighborhood and socioeconomic effects and their significance for delivery of, and access to, mental health services; measurement of cultural and contextual factors. Currently, examining how neighborhood effects get “under the skin” and impact risk-taking behaviors in a cohort of Mexican American adolescents residing within agricultural communities in the Salinas Valley of California.

Research Interests:
Developing behavioral interventions to reduce sexual risk, examining disparities in HIV and STIs among vulnerable populations, and investigating the role of social, cultural, and psychological factors on sexual risk and drug using behavior.

Research Interests:
Social determinants of HIV, STIs and substance use among vulnerable populations and racial/ethnic minorities, with particular focus on investigating relationships of urban redevelopment, housing policies, neighborhood context, and social networks to these outcomes. Expertise includes longitudinal, multilevel, spatial, and qualitative research methods.

Research Interests:
Health equity among underrepresented and underserved adolescent and young adult populations; socio-structural determinants of HIV infection and subsequent progression along the HIV Care Continuum; community-based participatory research; system science methods to inform intervention development and adaptation; program evaluation, dissemination and implementation; substance use prevention; mHealth; impact of HIV-related trauma and moral agency on mental health and medication adherence among HIV-positive youth; facilitation of youth-adult partnerships to increase community engagement & cohesion, and collective efficacy and decrease stigma.

Research Interests:
Health disparities in underserved populations; trauma, co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders; treatment-seeking behaviors; social context of sexual risk; culturally relevant health interventions; community-based participatory research; qualitative and mixed-methods designs, including in-depth interviewing, focus groups, focused ethnography, cultural domain analysis, and concept mapping.

Research Interests:
He is interested in how political structures and moral ideologies impact both mental and physical health, particularly among addicts, the homeless, and people with chronic illnesses like HIV. He is also preparing studies focusing on cultural barriers to the use of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) among high-risk MSM and the role physical and virtual gay venues have in substance abuse among MSM.

Research Interests:
Culturally appropriate technology-based interventions for vulnerable populations; Intersectionality and biomedical HIV/AIDS prevention; Mixed-methods research designs; Political, economic, social and cultural determinants of HIV/AIDS, substance abuse and trauma; Global HIV implementation science.

Research Interests:
Traumatic exposure and mental health distress among women in South Africa; substance use, including both alcohol and methamphetamine, and how they impact HIV risk behaviors and engagement in HIV care; interventions that address coping behaviors; supporting women during the pregnancy period and post-partum periods on substance use cessation and HIV care engagement.

Research Interests:
Racial/ethnic disparities; HIV testing and linkage/retention in care; access to care, utilization and quality of care; HIV risk behaviors and risk reduction; substance abuse; Populations of interest: Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) and substance users.

Research Interests:
Biomedical and psychosocial factors affecting health outcomes related to HIV infection, care, and treatment, including HIV stigma and substance abuse; measurement of HIV stigma and its role as a barrier to retention in care and treatment adherence. Non-injection drug use, including prescription opioids, and their role in HIV disease progression, whether through biological, behavioral, or psychosocial mechanisms; understanding pain experiences of HIV patients to identify their trajectory of prescription opioid use and possible alternate treatment strategies to avoid dependence, misuse, or other negative health outcomes.

Research Interests:
Racial/ethnic health disparities; with a focus on research into the prevention of sexually transmitted infections and chronic disease, prevention science, international research into sexual minorities and their substance use behaviors. Additional interests include investigating alcohol and drug use with a focus on cultural factors, tobacco use research, theory research, research methods and data analysis and psychosocial factors. Populations of interest include Chinese MSM and African Americans.

Research Interests:
Inequalities on health and mental health care services provision among Latino children and families. Social determinants of health and the HIV/AIDS among immigrant populations, specially Latinas. Gender, HIV/AIDS and continuum of care navigation among Latino immigrants. Social work and health as a human right. Qualitative and mixed methods research designs.

Research Interests:
Community based HIV risk reduction among African Americans; HIV testing and linkage to care, faith based; multilevel mixed methods approaches to HIV prevention; implementation of evidence based HIV prevention interventions; substance abuse prevention; adolescents and young adult populations.

Research Interests:
HIV prevention in Latino/a communities, with an emphasis on how gender based violence, mental health, and substance use intersect with HIV risk behaviors; intimate partner violence, history of abuse in childhood, psychological distress (e.g., depression and posttraumatic stress disorder), individual- and relationship-level HIV risk factors, dyadic data analysis; U.S. domestic sex trafficking of adolescent girls. Populations of interest: ethnic minority women, female sex workers, sexually exploited adolescents.

Research Interests:
Racial/ethnic health disparities; Acculturation and its related processes in immigrant and refugee health; Barriers to help-seeking, risk and protective factors in HIV and substance use; qualitative and mixed methods research.

Research Interests:
Racial/ethnic health disparities; with a focus on discrimination processes, cultural variables and the stereotypes/model minority myth associated with mental health outcomes and help seeking attitudes among Asian/South Asian Americans. Additional interests include investigating intimate partner violence with a focus on cultural factors, immigration/generation status, and acculturation levels. Populations of interest include Asian and South Asian Americans.

Research Interests:
Racial/ethnic health disparities in sexually transmitted infections (STIs), particularly HIV/AIDS; the social context of individual-level risk behaviors for HIV/AIDS; neighborhood social and economic factors; the formation of and risk behaviors in sexual networks; childhood sexual abuse and HIV/AIDS, and gender and power. Populations of interest include adolescents and women.

Research Interests:
Racial/ethnic and gender related health disparities; mental health of African American women, substance abuse; family adjustment to parental HIV; access to and utilization of available health services; HIV treatment adherence; peer and family-based social networks and support; quality of life. Theoretical interests include gender role socialization; race and gender theory; family dynamics, social support and stress.

Research Interests:
Intimate partner violence with a focus on sexual violence, HIV risk behaviors, substance abuse, mental health outcomes, reproductive health outcomes and behaviors, and gender symmetry. Populations of interests include women who are minority or underserved, heterosexual or bisexual, pregnant, trafficked, or indigent.

Research Interests:
Dawn Bounds is an assistant professor in the College of Nursing and Department of Psychiatry Section of Population Behavioral Health at Rush University Medical Center. Dr. Bounds’ program of research is focused on the risk and resilience of youth. Her research has addressed gaps in both policy and practice related to commercial sexual exploitation/sex trafficking and exposes the social factors that contribute to the exploitation of vulnerable people. Her current research focuses on adapting and piloting a family re-engagement intervention to explore its impact on preventing recurrent sexual exploitation in newly homeless youth with particular attention to African American and LGBT youth.

Research Interests:
Focusing on HIV and aging; investigating associations among physical, social, mental health, and cognitive functions and how to improve those functions. Also investigating complexity among people living with HIV, particularly substance use and trauma among HIV-positive men who have sex with men.

Research Interests:
Focusing on individual-, relationship-, community-, and societal-level determinants of gender-based violence and examines the health implications of gender-based violence in order to develop interventions to reduce violence and improve mental, sexual, and reproductive health. One of my most active areas of research examines gender-based violence and its interaction with HIV risk factors and prevention methods using novel epidemiological approaches. For example, this work currently investigates: 1) the acceptability of biomedical HIV prevention for women experiencing intimate partner violence, 3) the influence of social networks on uptake of biomedical HIV prevention among women experiencing intimate partner violence, and 3) the feasibility of a multisector HIV prevention collaboration for women experiencing intimate partner violence.

Research Interests:
Elizabeth Kim’s research focuses on expanding the understanding of the school-to-prison pipeline and examining effective practice strategies as alternatives to youth incarceration. The goal of her research agenda is to build and translate evidence for strengths-based policy and practice that promote positive development of young people instead of criminalizing and stigmatizing them. Her research broadly covers two areas: 1) basic and applied research on justice system-involved youth; 2) alternative schools research as a linkage for the school-to-prison pipeline. Her justice system research relies on close collaboration with county court systems using administrative data to uncover specific treatment needs probation youth bring as they come in contact with the justice system. Her alternative schools research uses statewide youth survey to understand the phenomenon of alternative schools (e.g., what they are, who they serve) and offer potential opportunities to disrupt the school-to-prison pipeline. Together, her research seeks to reduce mental, emotional, and behavioral health inequity experienced primarily by youth of color over the life course.

Research Interests:
Dr. Ricks is a behavioral scientist dedicated to improving the health of and reducing disparities for sexual and gender minority populations (SGM). She has been involved in planning, implementing, and evaluating studies in cancer prevention and control, childhood stress and trauma, and HIV/STD/unintended pregnancy prevention for youth and young adult populations. Her existent research examines the influence of socio-cultural determinants on sexual and reproductive health outcomes. Given its disproportionate prevalence in high-risk, vulnerable SGM populations, her research focuses primarily on HIV treatment and prevention.

Research Interests:
Dr. Standifer is a Health Science Specialist at the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Her current research advances the science of ehealth technology application to improve the quality of life for Veteran care. Her expertise is in qualitative and quantitative methods research and evaluation, community-based participatory research, Veteran and community engagement, women’s healthcare, along with implementation and health services research. Her research focuses on developing, administering, and conducting studies that effectively implement tailored strategies to reduce social determinants related to vulnerable populations (e.g. women, Veterans, medically underserved).