What is CIE?

California’s youth and young adults with intellectual and other developmental disabilities (IDD) are mostly unemployed or underemployed. 

As defined in the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), signed into law by President Barack Obama on July 22, 2014:

“…competitive integrated employment is full or part-time work at minimum wage or higher, with wages and benefits similar to those without disabilities performing the same work, and fully integrated with co-workers without disabilities.”  (WIOA, 2014)  [emphasis added] 

CIE is supported by California’s Employment First Policy, which was signed by Governor Jerry Brown on October 9, 2013, via AB 1041 (Chesbro).  California become the 12th state to enact an employment first policy into law:

Employment First Policy
(from WIC Sect. 4869. (a) (1))

It is the policy of the state that opportunities for integrated, competitive employment shall be given the highest priority for working age individuals with developmental disabilities, regardless of the severity of their disabilities.

The Statute Explains Why:

The Employment First Policy was established “in furtherance of the purposes of this division (the Lanterman Act) to make services and supports available to enable persons with developmental disabilities to approximate the pattern of everyday living available to people without disabilities of the same age, to support the integration of persons with developmental disabilities into the mainstream life of the community, and to bring about more independent, productive, and normal lives…”  Section 4869(a)(1)


  • Employment First Movement: The Train Has Left the Station is a CECY brief that focuses on California’s new Employment First Policy that Governor Jerry Brown signed into legislation on October 9, 2013. "Employment First" emphasizes ICE as the first priority and preferred outcome for adults with significant disabilities.  The brief provides an overview of California’s history in achieving the legislation and a national overview of the Employment First movement across the country.  An accessible version will be posted shortly.
  • Employment First Policy Summary, created by CECY and the State Council on Developmental Disabilities, explains California's Employment First Policy. An accessible version will be posted shortly. 
  • CA Competitive Integrated Employment: Blueprint for Change: The California Department of Rehabilitation (DOR)California Department of Education (CDE)​, and California Department of Developmental Services (DDS) have entered into a new agreement consistent with the State's "Employment First" policy and other laws to make employment in an integrated setting, at a competitive wage, for individuals with intellectual disabilities and developmental disabilities (ID/DD) its highest priority.  The Blueprint they develop will include recommendations to support improving access to CIE services and increasing CIE outcomes for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities.