Social influences on clinical outcomes of patients with ovarian cancer.
|Title||Social influences on clinical outcomes of patients with ovarian cancer.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||Lutgendorf SK, De Geest K, Bender D, Ahmed A, Goodheart MJ, Dahmoush L, M Zimmerman B, Penedo FJ, Lucci JA, Ganjei-Azar P, Thaker PH, Mendez L, Lubaroff DM, Slavich GM, Cole SW, Sood AK|
|Journal||J Clin Oncol|
|Date Published||2012 Aug 10|
|Keywords||Aged, Female, Humans, Middle Aged, Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial, Outcome Assessment (Health Care), Ovarian Neoplasms, Proportional Hazards Models, Prospective Studies, Social Support|
PURPOSE: Previous research has demonstrated relationships of social support with disease-related biomarkers in patients with ovarian cancer. However, the clinical relevance of these findings to patient outcomes has not been established. This prospective study examined how social support relates to long-term survival among consecutive patients with ovarian cancer. We focused on two types of social support: social attachment, a type of emotional social support reflecting connections with others, and instrumental social support reflecting the availability of tangible assistance.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were prospectively recruited during a presurgical clinic visit and completed surveys before surgery. One hundred sixty-eight patients with histologically confirmed epithelial ovarian cancer were observed from the date of surgery until death or December 2010. Clinical information was obtained from medical records.
RESULTS: In a Cox regression model, adjusting for disease stage, grade, histology, residual disease, and age, greater social attachment was associated with a lower likelihood of death (hazard ratio [HR], 0.87; 95% CI, 0.77 to 0.98; P = .018). The median survival time for patients with low social attachment categorized on a median split of 15 was 3.35 years (95% CI, 2.56 to 4.15 years). In contrast, by study completion, 59% of patients with high social attachment were still alive after 4.70 years. No significant association was found between instrumental social support and survival, even after adjustment for covariates.
CONCLUSION: Social attachment is associated with a survival advantage for patients with ovarian cancer. Clinical implications include the importance of screening for deficits in the social environment and consideration of support activities during adjuvant treatment.
|Alternate Journal||J. Clin. Oncol.|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC3410403|
|Grant List||CA104825 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States |
CA109298 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
CA116778 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
CA140933 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
CA88293 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
G0902418 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
P30 CA016672 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
P50 CA083639 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
P50 CA098258 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
P50CA083639 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
R01 CA104825 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
R01 CA140933 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States