Inflammatory markers and sleep disturbance in major depression.
|Title||Inflammatory markers and sleep disturbance in major depression.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2005|
|Authors||Motivala SJ, Sarfatti A, Olmos L, Irwin MR|
|Date Published||2005 Mar-Apr|
|Keywords||Adult, Biomarkers, Cell Adhesion Molecules, Depressive Disorder, Major, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Humans, Inflammation, Interleukin-6, Male, Monocyte Chemoattractant Proteins, Polysomnography, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Sleep Wake Disorders|
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine whether immune activation occurs in major depression, and to evaluate the associations between disordered sleep and markers of inflammation in patients with major depressive disorder.
METHODS: All-night polysomnography was obtained in patients with acute Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition major depressive disorder (n = 22) and age-, gender-, and body weight-matched comparison controls (n = 18). After the onset of sleep, nocturnal serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule (sICAM), monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP-1), and IL-6 soluble receptor (IL-6sR) were sampled.
RESULTS: As compared with matched controls, depressed patients showed significant (p <.05) nocturnal elevations of circulating levels of IL-6 and sICAM. Both sleep latency and rapid eye movement (REM) density had moderate correlations with IL-6 and sICAM (r's > or = 0.30). Backward regression analyses indicated that sleep latency (beta = 0.34, p <.05) and REM density (beta = 0.27, p = .09) were better predictors of IL-6 than depressive status. Similarly, sleep latency (beta = 0.27, p = .06) and REM density (beta = 0.32, p = .02) were also better predictors of sICAM.
CONCLUSION: These findings support the hypothesis that sleep disturbance is associated with elevated levels of the inflammatory markers IL-6 and sICAM. This relationship was not accounted for by other confounding factors such as age and body weight. These findings suggest that the elevations in inflammatory markers found in depressive subjects may be partially the result of disturbances of sleep initiation found in this population.
|Alternate Journal||Psychosom Med|
|Grant List||AA10215 / AA / NIAAA NIH HHS / United States |
AA13239 / AA / NIAAA NIH HHS / United States
AG18367 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
AG41867 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
AR41867 / AR / NIAMS NIH HHS / United States
DA16541 / DA / NIDA NIH HHS / United States
M01-RR00865 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States
MH55253 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
T32-MH19925 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States