Human social genomics.

TitleHuman social genomics.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsCole SW
JournalPLoS Genet
Date Published2014 Aug
KeywordsAnimals, Evolution, Molecular, Gene Expression Profiling, Gene Expression Regulation, Humans, Invertebrates, Leukocytes, Signal Transduction, Social Environment

A growing literature in human social genomics has begun to analyze how everyday life circumstances influence human gene expression. Social-environmental conditions such as urbanity, low socioeconomic status, social isolation, social threat, and low or unstable social status have been found to associate with differential expression of hundreds of gene transcripts in leukocytes and diseased tissues such as metastatic cancers. In leukocytes, diverse types of social adversity evoke a common conserved transcriptional response to adversity (CTRA) characterized by increased expression of proinflammatory genes and decreased expression of genes involved in innate antiviral responses and antibody synthesis. Mechanistic analyses have mapped the neural "social signal transduction" pathways that stimulate CTRA gene expression in response to social threat and may contribute to social gradients in health. Research has also begun to analyze the functional genomics of optimal health and thriving. Two emerging opportunities now stand to revolutionize our understanding of the everyday life of the human genome: network genomics analyses examining how systems-level capabilities emerge from groups of individual socially sensitive genomes and near-real-time transcriptional biofeedback to empirically optimize individual well-being in the context of the unique genetic, geographic, historical, developmental, and social contexts that jointly shape the transcriptional realization of our innate human genomic potential for thriving.

Alternate JournalPLoS Genet.
PubMed ID25166010
PubMed Central IDPMC4148225
Grant ListAG017265 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
AG033590 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
AG043404 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P30 AG017265 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States