Feasibility and acceptability of a Tai Chi Chih randomized controlled trial in senior female cancer survivors.
|Title||Feasibility and acceptability of a Tai Chi Chih randomized controlled trial in senior female cancer survivors.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Campo RA, O'Connor K, Light KC, Nakamura Y, Lipschitz DL, LaStayo PC, Pappas L, Boucher K, Irwin MR, Agarwal N, Kinney AY|
|Journal||Integr Cancer Ther|
|Date Published||2013 Nov|
|Keywords||Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Breast Neoplasms, Feasibility Studies, Female, Humans, Middle Aged, Neoplasm Staging, Patient Compliance, Patient Satisfaction, Quality of Life, Social Support, Survivors, Tai Ji|
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this randomized controlled trial (RCT) was to examine the feasibility and acceptability of a Tai Chi Chih (TCC) intervention in senior female cancer survivors with physical functioning limitations, and its effects on health-related quality of life (QOL).
DESIGN: This was a two-armed, parallel group, RCT with 12-weeks of Tai Chi Chih or Health Education Control.
METHODS: Sixty-three senior (M age = 67 years, SD = 7.15) female cancer survivors (83% breast cancer, stages I-III) with physical functioning limitations (SF-12 Health Survey role-physical & physical functioning subscales) were randomized to 12-weeks of TCC or Health Education control (HEC). Primary outcomes were feasibility and acceptability. Secondary outcomes included health-related QOL (SF-36 Health Survey), and participants' qualitative feedback on the intervention.
RESULTS: Retention (TCC = 91%; HEC = 81%) and class attendance (TCC = 79%; HEC = 83%) rates, and satisfaction levels for both study arms were high, but did not significantly differ from one another. At one-week post-intervention, none of the SF-36 scores differed between the TCC and HEC groups. Within-group analyses revealed significant improvements in the mental component summary score in TCC (p = 0.01), but not in HEC. Qualitative analyses indicated that the TCC group felt they received mental and physical benefits, whereas HEC group reported on social support benefits and information received.
CONCLUSION: The TCC intervention was found to be a feasible and acceptable modality for senior female cancer survivors. Future, larger definitive trials are needed to clarify TCC dosage effects on QOL in this vulnerable population.
|Alternate Journal||Integr Cancer Ther|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC3831606|
|Grant List||P30 CA042014 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States |
R21 CA135250 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
R21 CA135250-02 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States