Disease controllability moderates the effect of coping efficacy on positive affect.
|Title||Disease controllability moderates the effect of coping efficacy on positive affect.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Wiley JF, Cleary EH, Karan A, Stanton AL|
|Keywords||Adaptation, Psychological, Adolescent, Affect, Attitude to Health, Female, Humans, Internal-External Control, Male, Stress, Psychological, Young Adult|
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to test experimentally whether coping strategies (approach- vs. avoidance-oriented coping) have differential effects under conditions of high or low stressor controllability.
DESIGN: Undergraduates (62 women, 30 men) participated in a 2 × 2 experimental study where they were introduced to a fictitious disease (tisomerase enzyme deficiency) said to be either controllable or uncontrollable and an approach- or avoidance-oriented coping behaviour induction.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Changes in positive and negative affect.
RESULTS: A significant disease control x coping interaction on positive affect (f(2) = .07, p = .011) revealed that approach-coping condition participants had higher positive affect than avoidance-coping condition participants when disease control was high (d = .94, p = .003), but not when it was low (d = .11, p = .93). The experimental conditions did not significantly influence negative affect.
CONCLUSION: Results demonstrate that disease control moderates the salubrious effects of approach-oriented coping on positive affect. For controllable, but not uncontrollable, health stressors, promoting problem-focused approach-oriented coping strategies may be recommended.
|Alternate Journal||Psychol Health|