Breast cancer treatment decision making among Latinas and non-Latina Whites: a communication model predicting decisional outcomes and quality of life.
|Title||Breast cancer treatment decision making among Latinas and non-Latina Whites: a communication model predicting decisional outcomes and quality of life.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||Yanez B, Stanton AL, Maly RC|
|Date Published||2012 Sep|
|Keywords||Acculturation, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Breast Neoplasms, Communication, Decision Making, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Middle Aged, Patient Satisfaction, Quality of Life|
OBJECTIVE: Deciding among medical treatment options is a pivotal event following cancer diagnosis, a task that can be particularly daunting for individuals uncomfortable with communication in a medical context. Few studies have explored the surgical decision-making process and associated outcomes among Latinas. We propose a model to elucidate pathways through which acculturation (indicated by language use) and reports of communication effectiveness specific to medical decision making contribute to decisional outcomes (i.e., congruency between preferred and actual involvement in decision making, treatment satisfaction) and quality of life among Latinas and non-Latina White women with breast cancer.
METHODS: Latinas (N = 326) and non-Latina Whites (N = 168) completed measures six months after breast cancer diagnosis, and quality of life was assessed 18 months after diagnosis. Structural equation modeling was used to examine relationships between language use, communication effectiveness, and outcomes.
RESULTS: Among Latinas, 63% reported congruency in decision making, whereas 76% of non-Latina Whites reported congruency. In Latinas, greater use of English was related to better reported communication effectiveness. Effectiveness in communication was not related to congruency in decision making, but several indicators of effectiveness in communication were related to greater treatment satisfaction, as was greater congruency in decision making. Greater treatment satisfaction predicted more favorable quality of life. The final model fit the data well only for Latinas. Differences in quality of life and effectiveness in communication were observed between racial/ethnic groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings underscore the importance of developing targeted interventions for physicians and Latinas with breast cancer to enhance communication in decision making.
|Alternate Journal||Health Psychol|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC4081448|
|Grant List||1R01CA119197-01A1 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States |
R01 CA119197 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States