Pediatricians' knowledge, training, and experience in the care of children with fetal alcohol syndrome.

TitlePediatricians' knowledge, training, and experience in the care of children with fetal alcohol syndrome.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsGahagan S, Sharpe TTelfair, Brimacombe M, Fry-Johnson Y, Levine R, Mengel M, O'Connor M, Paley B, Adubato S, Brenneman G
Date Published2006 Sep
KeywordsFemale, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, Health Care Surveys, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Pediatrics, Practice Patterns, Physicians', Pregnancy, Societies, Medical

OBJECTIVES: Prenatal exposure to alcohol interferes with fetal development and is the leading preventable cause of birth defects and developmental disabilities. The purpose of this study was to identify current knowledge, diagnosis, prevention, and intervention practices related to fetal alcohol syndrome and related conditions by members of the American Academy of Pediatrics.

METHODS: This study was developed collaboratively by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Questionnaires were mailed to a 3% random sample (n = 1600) of American Academy of Pediatrics members in the United States. General pediatricians, pediatric subspecialists, and pediatric residents were included.

RESULTS: Participation rate was 55% (n = 879). Respondents almost universally knew the teratology and clinical presentation of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. However, they were less likely to report comfort with routine pediatric care of these children. Whereas 62% felt prepared to identify and 50% felt prepared to diagnose, only 34% felt prepared to manage and coordinate the treatment of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Even fewer (n = 114 [13%]) reported that they routinely counsel adolescent patients about the risks of drinking and pregnancy.

CONCLUSIONS: The survey confirms that pediatricians are knowledgeable about fetal alcohol syndrome but do not feel adequately trained to integrate the management of this diagnosis or prevention efforts into everyday practice. Furthermore, the respondents were not active in routine anticipatory guidance with adolescents for prevention of alcohol-affected pregnancies. The development, dissemination, and implementation of best practice tools for prevention, diagnosis, and referral of fetal alcohol syndrome that are specific for general and subspecialist pediatricians are recommended.

Alternate JournalPediatrics
PubMed ID16950957
Grant ListU59/CCU521266 / / PHS HHS / United States