Increasing the report of alcohol use among low-income pregnant women.

TitleIncreasing the report of alcohol use among low-income pregnant women.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsWhaley SE, O'Connor MJ
JournalAm J Health Promot
Date Published2003 Jul-Aug
KeywordsAdult, Alcohol Drinking, California, Female, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Inservice Training, Male, Poverty, Pregnancy, Pregnant Women, Prenatal Care, Self Disclosure

PURPOSE: To increase the report of prenatal alcohol use in a community setting.

METHODS: A self-administered alcohol screening tool was developed and introduced at 12 randomly selected sites that administer the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). A matched sample of 12 WIC sites continued to use the existing verbal standard of care for assessing alcohol use.

RESULTS: Rates of reported prenatal alcohol consumption at the 12 WIC intervention sites were compared with rates at 12 control WIC sites using a repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) and independent-samples t-tests. Within 8 months of study commencement, rates of reported prenatal alcohol consumption were significantly higher at the intervention sites than at the control sites.

DISCUSSION: Use of a brief, self-administered screening tool in the WIC setting significantly increased reports of prenatal alcohol use, a key first step in the reduction of prenatal alcohol use. The WIC setting represents an excellent place to address the significant public health issue of prenatal alcohol exposure.

Alternate JournalAm J Health Promot
PubMed ID12858616
Grant ListR01-AA12480 / AA / NIAAA NIH HHS / United States