Comparison of brain activation patterns during executive function tasks in hoarding disorder and non-hoarding OCD.
|Comparison of brain activation patterns during executive function tasks in hoarding disorder and non-hoarding OCD.
|Year of Publication
|Hough CM, Luks TL, Lai K, Vigil O, Guillory S, Nongpiur A, Fekri SM, Kupferman E, Mathalon DH, Mathews CA
|2016 Sep 30
We examined differences in regional brain activation during tests of executive function in individuals with Hoarding Disorder (HD), Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), and healthy controls (HC) using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Participants completed computerized versions of the Stroop and Go/No-Go task. We found that during the conflict monitoring and response inhibition condition in the Go/No-Go task, individuals with HD had significantly greater activity than controls in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). HD also exhibited significantly greater right DLPFC activity than OCD. We also observed significant differences in activity between HD and HC and between HD and OCD in regions (ACC, anterior insula, orbitofrontal cortex, and striatum) involved in evaluating stimulus-response-reward associations, or the personal and task-relevant value of stimuli and behavioral responses to stimuli. These results support the hypothesis that individuals with HD have difficulty deciding on the value or task relevance of stimuli, and may perceive an abnormally high risk of negative feedback for difficult or erroneous cognitive behavior.
|PubMed Central ID
|K08 MH081065 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R21 MH087748 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States