11th Annual Meeting of the

International Society for the History of the Neurosciences (ISHN)

Collegio Cairoli
Pavia, Italy

Wednesday, 21 June - Sunday, 25 June 2006

Registration   |   Poster/Flyer   |   Venue   |   Accommodation   |   Transportation   |   Abstracts

The 11th annual meeting of the International Society for the History of the Neurosciences (ISHN) will be held Wednesday through Sunday, 21-25 June 2006 at Collegio Cairoli, a University College dating back to the 18th century located in the center of Pavia, Italy, about 35 km from Milan (A Brief History of Pavia and Its University). The conference includes contributions about the history of all of the neurosciences, including basic and clinical specialties, ancient and non-Western topics, technical advances, and broad social and cultural aspects.

Collegio Cairoli

The Program includes invited papers and posters on the Italian heritage in the neurosciences and special sessions dedicated to the contributions of Camillo Golgi and Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine (cited in recognition of their work on the structure of the nervous system) in 1906.


Camillo Golgi (left) and Santiago Ramón y Cajal (right)

The opening day of the program includes the Ottorino Rossi Award Conference, an annual event organized under the patronage of the C. Mondino Institute of Neurology. This year a distinguished historian of neuroscience, Dr. Stanley Finger, will be the recipient of the Ottorino Rossi Award, XVII Edition, named for one of Camillo Golgi's most illustrious pupils. The ceremony and lecture will followed by a social event offered by the awarding organization.

The annual meeting will run from the afternoon of Wednesday, June 21 through the morning of Sunday, June 25, so attendees should plan to arrive on Tuesday, June 20.

Garden, Collegio Cairoli

TO REGISTER FOR THE MEETING (and make Accommodation reservations), complete and submit a form provided by Pragma Congressi, a locally contracted conference organizer. Details, and a link to the Pragma Congressi website are provided in the section titled "Registration", below.


3.00 - 5.00 pm Arrival and Registration, Collegio Cairoli


5.30 pm Opening Ceremony and Welcome
6.00 pm Presentation of the Award Recipient by Paolo Mazzarello (University of Pavia)

6.10 pm Ottorino Rossi Award Lecture

Stanley Finger (Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri, USA)
Benjamin Franklin and the neurosciences [Abstract]

7.30 pm Welcome cocktail/dinner reception (Town Hall or Collegio Cairoli)


8.30 - 9.00 am Registration and Welcome (Collegio Cairoli)
Moshe Feinsod  (Haifa, Israel)
ISHN President

Paolo Mazzarello   (Pavia, Italy)
Meeting Co-organizer

SESSION Ia.  Golgi-Cajal and the Neurosciences

Chair:  Paolo Mazzarello

9.00 - 9.30 J.M. McKeddie (Independent Scholar)
A Nobel pursuit: Celebrating 100 years of excellency in experimental brain research, 1906-2006. [Abstract]
9.30 - 10.00 Santiago Giménez-Roldán (Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain) and Lorenzo Lorusso (M. Mellini Hospital, Chiari, Italy)
Character and caricatures of Camillo Golgi and Santiago Ramón y Cajal. [Abstract]
10.00 - 10.30 Lawrence Kruger (UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA)
Whither withered Golgi? Time for revival. [Abstract]
10.30 - 11.00 Coffee Break

SESSION Ib.  Golgi-Cajal and the Neurosciences

Chair:  Marco Piccolino

11.00 - 11.30 Paolo Mazzarello (Università di Pavia and Musuem for the History of the University of Pavia, Italy)
Nets without nodes and vice versa: The paradoxical Golgi and Cajal story. [Abstract]
11.30 - 12.00 Nicholas J. Wade (University of Dundee, Scotland) and Marco Piccolino (Università di Ferrara, Italy)
The visual neuroscience of Golgi and Cajal. [Abstract]
12.00 - 12.30 Marina Bentivoglio (University of Verona, Italy)
The study of women's brains in Golgi's times. [Abstract]

12.30 - 2.00 pm Lunch (Collegio Cairoli)

SESSION IIa.  Free Presentation

Chair:  Axel Karenberg

2.00 - 2.30 pm Eugen Goaga and Cornelia Munteanu (Timosoara, Romania)
Egon Weigl: The Romanian detour. [Abstract]
2.30 - 3.00 Peter J. Koehler (Atrium Medical Centre, Heerlen, The Netherlands), F.G.I. Jennekens (University Medical Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands), and D. Troost (Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
Neurology becoming independent in the 20th century: Illustration by three large multi-authored textbooks. [Abstract]
3.00 - 3.30 Georg W. Kreutzberg (Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, Martinsried, Germany)
Friedrich Schiller, physician, poet and philosopher. [Abstract]
3.30 - 4.00 Marjorie Perlman Lorch (Birkbeck College, University of London, UK)
Memory, regression and multiple languages in the works of Ribot (1881) and Rush (1812). [Abstract]
4.00 - 4.30 Coffee Break

SESSION IIb.  Free Presentation

Chair:  Marjorie Perlman Lorch

4.30 - 5.00 Catherine Storey (Royal North Shore Hospital, University of Sydney, Australia)
Leaving trails for historians, or "Using the Lancet to explore the incorporation of cardiac theories into the causation of stroke". [Abstract]
5.00 - 5.30 A.A. Vein (Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands)
Lina Stern: Science and fate. [Abstract]
5.30 - 6.00 George K. York (Kaiser Permanente Stockton Medical Center and Såa Institute, Fiddletown, California, USA) and Louise Shepherd (University College London, UK)
The Hughlings Jackson Collection of the Rockefeller Library, Institute of Neurology. [Abstract]

7.30 pm Dinner at Collegio Cairoli (to be confirmed)


9.00 + Concert at Collegio Ghislieri

FRIDAY, June 23


Chair:  Joel Villensky

9.00 - 9.30 am Edward J. Fine (State University of New York at Buffalo, USA) and Sarah G. Finnegan (Women's & Children's Hospital of Buffalo, New York, USA)
Luck, the wrong theory, and try it again: A history of the development of phenytoin, lamotrigine, and carbamazepine as anticonvulsants. [Abstract]
9.30 - 10.00 Samuel H. Greenblatt (Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA)
Owsei Temkin (1902-2002) as a neurohistorian. [Abstract]
10.00 - 10.30 Helmut Gröger (Institut für Geschichte der Medizin der Medizinischen Universität Wien, Austria)
Founding psychiatry in Vienna as a neuroscience. [Abstract]
10.30 - 11.00 Coffee Break


11.00 - 12.30 Visit to the Historical Sites of the University

12.30 Lunch at Collegio Cairoli

SESSION IV.  Movement Disorders

Chair:  Frank Stahnisch

2.00 - 2.30 pm Geneviève Aubert (Université Catholique de Louvain, Bruxelles, Belgium)
Von Economo: An inspiring figure in van Bogaert's neuroscientific career. [Abstract]
2.30 - 3.00 Paul Foley (Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, Randwick (Sydney), Australia)
Encephalitis lethargica: A disease which makes criminals. [Abstract]
3.00 - 3.30 Joel A. Vilensky (Indiana University School of Medicine, Fort Wayne, Indiana, USA), Christopher G. Goetz (Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA), and Sid Gilman (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA)
Movement disorders associated with encephalitis lethargica. [Abstract]
3.30 - 4.00 Coffee Break

SESSION V.  Movement Disorders

Chair:  Geneviève Aubert

4.00 - 4.30 pm Paul Foley (Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, Randwick (Sydney), Australia)
Lethargia, lethargus, nona, encephalitis lethargica: The long history of a mysterious malady. [Abstract]
4.30 - 5.00 Anne Jeanjean (Université Catholique de Louvain, Bruxelles, Belgium) and Geneviève Aubert (Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Bruxelles, Belgium)
Semiology of Parkinson's disease in Arthur van Gehuchten's iconographic material. [Abstract]
5.00 - 5.30 Robert B. Glassman (Lake Forest College, Lake Forest, Illinois, USA)
What's in a name? The trail of the "vacuous chewing movement" model of tardive dyskinesia. [Abstract]
5.30 - 6.00 Coffee Break

SESSION VI.  Movement Disorders

Chair:  Paul Foley

6.00 - 6.30 pm C.U.M. Smith (Aston University, Birmingham, UK)
The debate on human automatism in mid-Victorian England. [Abstract]
6.30 - 7.00 David A.J. Widmer (Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, USA)
Movement symptomatology in melancholia and the legend of "Le Tristi Reyne di Napoli". [Abstract]
7.00 - 7.30 J. Wayne Lazar (North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, New York, USA)
A nineteenth century American sensory-motor controversy. [Abstract]



SESSION VII.  Presidential Address

Chair:  Samuel Greenblatt

9.15 am Moshe Feinsod (The Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel)
Neurology in the Bible and the Talmud. [Abstract]

SESSION VIII.  The Stazione Zoologica of Naples and the Neurosciences

Chair:  Laurie Swan

10.00 - 10.30 Marina Bentivoglio (University of Verona, Verona, Italy), Fabio De Sio, and Christiane Groeben (Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Naples, Italy)
Fridtjof Nansen's visit to the Stazione Zoologica in Naples. [Abstract]
10.30 - 11.00 Frank W. Stahnisch (Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Germany)
Catalysing neurobiological research: Jacques Loeb (1859-1924), the Stazione Zoologica di Napoli and a growing network of basic neuroscientists, 1900-1930. [Abstract]

POSTER SESSION (Coffee served)

Chair:  Stanley Finger, Peter Koehler, and Gül Russell

11.00 - 12.30 N.Kh. Amirov, E.I. Bogdanov, R.Z. Mukhamedzyanov, E. Sharifullina, and A.S. Sozinov
V.M. Bekhterev and the Bekhterev phenomenon in neuro-otology. [Abstract]
  Ronen Blecher and Moshe Feinsod
The broken sword, nominal aphasia and monocular quadrantanopsia: The eve of correlative neuroanatomy. [Abstract]
  Jesús V. Cobo
The neurophysiology of Giovanni Battista Giovannini (Milan 1632 - Madrid 1691) in seventeenth century Spain. [Abstract]
  Luigia Cristino and Vittorio Guglielmotti
The pineal complex and the habenular nuclei in the debate on the origin of cerebral asymmetry. [Abstract]
  Ulrike Eisenberg
Crossing borders outside the mainstream: The Berlin neurologist Louis Jacobsohn-Lask (1863-1940) in Russia. [Abstract]
  Sherry Ginn and Lorenzo Lorusso
Experimental neuroscience and wax modeling: The collaboration between Anna Morandi and Luigi Galvani. [Abstract]
  J.M. McKeddie
Those strange mental constitutions: The theoretical patriotism of Camillo Golgi. [Abstract]
  Marco Piccolino and Nicholas Wade
Vision and vexillology. [Abstract]
  Plinio Richelmi, Paolo Angelini, Roberto Pizzala, and Paolo Mazzarello
Camillo Golgi and his Nobel Prize in philately. [Abstract]
  Miki Takasuna
Physiological and biological psychology textbook references rated for biological importance: A preliminary report. [Abstract]
  Don Todman
Warts and the kings of Parthia: An ancient representation of hereditary neurofibromatosis depicted in coins. [Abstract]
  Dimitar Tomov
Historiography of research in the field of memory and intelligence: A scientometric approach. [Abstract]

12.30 Lunch at Collegio Cairoli

SESSION IX.  Italian Heritage and the Galvani-Volta Controversy

Chair:  Marco Piccolino and Marina Bentivoglio

2.00 - 2.25 pm Marco Bresadola (Università di Ferrara, Italy)
Luigi Galvani, Alessandro Volta and animal electricity at the end of the 18th century: A fundamental controversy in the history of (life) sciences. [Abstract]
2.25 - 2.50 Lucio Fregonese (University and Museum for the History of the University of Pavia, Italy)
The Galvani-Volta debate on animal electricity: The roles of complexity, causality and reductionism. [Abstract]
2.50 - 3.15 Lorenzo Lorusso (M. Mellini Hospital, Chiari, Italy), C. Cristini, R. Tralli, and A. Porro (University of Brescia, Italy)
Lorenzo Tenchini (1852-1906): Neuroanatomy and society. [Abstract]
3.15 - 3.40 Giorgio Zanchin and Monica Panetto (University of Padua, Padova, Italy)
A glimpse at the teaching of G.F. D'Acquapendente (1533-1619) on the nervous system. [Abstract]
3.40 - 4.05 Marco Piccolino (Università di Ferrara, Italy) and Nicholas Wade (University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland)
Galileo and the senses: "Sensory physiology" and "visual psychophysics" in the work of Galileo Galilei. [Abstract]
4.05 - 4.45 Coffee Break


Chair:  George K. York

4.45 - 5.10 pm Boleslav Lichterman (Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow, Russia)
Why was psychosurgery prohibited in the USSR? [Abstract]
5.10 - 5.35 Mical Raz (Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel)
A surgically-induced childhood: Construction of the post-operative lobotomy. [Abstract]
5.35 - 6.00 Jesús V. Cobo (Corporación Sanitaria Parc Taulí de Sabadell, Barcelona, Spain)
The neural circulation and the moderns in seventeenth century Spain. [Abstract]

SOCIAL PROGRAM at the University Library

7.30 pm Festive Dinner
Hosts: ISHN President Moshe Feinsod and Meeting Co-organizer Paolo Mazzarello

ISHN Annual Banquet
Awards and Prizes Presentation

SUNDAY, June 25


9.30 - 11.00 am

ISHN General Business Meeting

11.00 am


Guided tour to Certosa di Pavia (Carthusian monastery, founded in 1396)
Tour arranged upon request

Please note that program content, times, and locations are subject to change.


Moshe Feinsod (Haifa, Israel), Chair
Ed Fine (Buffalo, New York, USA)
Stanley Finger (St. Louis, Missouri, USA)
Axel Karenberg (Cologne, Germany)
Peter Koehler (Heerlen, The Netherlands)
Marjorie Lorch (London, England, UK)
Paolo Mazzarello (Pavia, Italy)
Gül Russell (College Station, Texas, USA)


Paolo Mazzarello (Pavia, Italy), Chair
Mauro Ceroni (Pavia, Italy)
Lorenzo Lorusso (Chiari, Italy)
Giovanna Ruberto (Pavia, Italy)
Peter Koehler (Heerlen, The Netherlands)
Moshe Feinsod (Haifa, Israel)

Meeting Information

Conference Room, Collegio Cairoli

VENUE:  The venue for Papers and Posters will be the lecture hall and other rooms of the Collegio Cairoli in Pavia, Italy.

LANGUAGE:  The official language of the ISHN conference is English.

Golgi exhibit hall at the Museum for the History of the University of Pavia
Museo per la Storia dell'Università di Pavia)

SOCIAL PROGRAM:  Current plans include a reception for the Ottorio Rossi Award, a walking tour of Pavia, a concert, a visit to historical sites at the University, and a Festive Dinner (annual banquet).

Ponte Coperto, Pavia


Rooms are reserved for conference attendees in two of the most beautiful hotels in Pavia. Rates at the 4-star hotel (Hotel Moderno Pavia) are 125 Euros (Single) and 140 Euros (Double) per night; at the 3-star hotel (Hotel Excelsior) rates are 90 Euros (Single) and 110 Euros (Double) per night. A third hotel may be added if necessary. Hotel reservations may be made through the Reservation Form provided by Pragma Congressi, a locally contracted conference organizer. You will be requested to send a credit card number to reserve your room. In case of a "no-show", the hotel will charge a fare of one night. See the REGISTRATION section, below, for more details.

Rooms for some participants will be available in the College throughout the conference at the lowest prices available. These suites, where most students live during the academic year, typically consist of a bedroom, living room, and bathroom. The cost per night for a single bedroom is 50 Euros, and 70 Euros for a double room. These accommodations are situated in the center of Pavia, within walking distance of the conference. College reservations MUST be made through the Reservation Form provided by Pragma Congressi. You will be requested to send a credit card number (or bank transfer) to reserve your room. College accommodation reservations require pre-payment covering the entire duration of your stay. See the REGISTRATION section, below, for more details.


The all-inclusive Full Registration fee is 300 Euros. This includes the use of conference facilities, meals, the conference banquet, and social events. Student Registration, which includes everything provided in Full Registration, is 160 Euros. Accompanying Person Registration, which includes all social events and lunches, is 160 Euros.

Attendees staying at the hotels will be served breakfast (included in the room charge) at their hotels. People hosted in the Colleges will be served an Italian breakfast (included in the registration fee) in the Cairoli College. Lunches (included in the registration fee) will be served each day in the dining room of the Cairoli College. A welcoming reception will be offered the first evening (June 21) by the Ottorino Rossi Award Conference Organization. Other dinners, including the Festive Dinner (i.e., annual banquet) are included in the registration fees.


You also are required to send Pragma Congressi an authorization to charge your credit card for registration (and College accommodation), or a copy of your Bank Transfer paperwork. If you requested Hotel accommodation, your credit card is required to reserve your room. You may print the following form to report this payment and authorization information; Fax it to Pragma Congressi:

If you encounter difficulties, contact Pragma Congressi:

In order for the organizers to arrange for adequate seating and refreshments, registration fees will be due on or before an announced date (to be determined). Registration fees received after that time or at the door -- without prior notification to Moshe Feinsod (ISHN President) or Paolo Mazzarello (Local Arrangements), and confirmation by one of them - - will not guarantee seating at the social programs.

REGISTRATION QUESTIONS may be addressed to:

FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE: The ISHN has allocated some limited funds to assist with travel expenses for students (pursuing any degree, undergraduate or graduate) whose abstracts have been accepted and who must travel long distances at great expense. The Program Committee will determine the distribution of these funds based on (1) the quality of abstracts and (2) applicants' projected travel expenses, recognizing that sometimes it costs more to travel modest distances than long ones. If you wish to apply for this assistance, please include with your abstract a short paragraph of request and explanation (with your projected expenses) on a separate sheet.


The closest airports are LINATE Airport and MALPENSA 2000 and OLD MALPENSA Airports. From Milan (Milano) you may get to Pavia by Bus, Train, or Automobile.

By Bus

There is a Bus link to and from each of the airports. In the opinion of the Local Arrangements Committee, buses are the simplest and most time-saving way to get to Pavia from Linate and Malpensa.

By Train

Pavia is served by frequent trains from Milano Centrale Railway Station. (Check train timetable here). From Pavia railway station (front side), take Bus number 3, direction "MONTEBOLONE", and stop at Town Hall (Municipio); walk along Via Mazzini for about 100 mters, turn right into Via Sacchi and go straight into Cairoli Square.

  • Arriving at Malpensa: the simplest way to get to the Milano Centrale Railway Station is by bus. There is a bus leaving from Malpensa to Milano Centrale every 20 min. The ticket fare is about 4.50-5.50 Euros. You have to buy the bus ticket in a counter inside the airport. Alternatively (not the better option), you can also reach Milano downtown with the Malpensa Express Train. It reaches the Milano Cadorna Railway Station (serving the north suburbs - not convenient to reach Pavia) and the Milano Cadorna Subway Station. By the subway system one can easily reach the Milano Centrale Railway Station (take the green line to Cologno, exit at Centrale FS).
  • Arriving at Linate: there is a bus leaving from Linate to Milano Centrale Railway Station every 30 min. The trip time to Milano Centrale (the last stop of the bus; sometimes the bus stops also at another small local station) is about 20 min. Take the exit door just in front of the international arrival gate. Cross the street and the bus stop is there (bus company is STAM and the bus is usually blue). The ticket costs about 2-3 Euros and can be bought from the driver.

By Automobile

At the airports it is possible take advantage of the presence of Car Rental companies. A map prepared for a different conference shows the automobile routes from both airports.

  • Arriving at Malpensa: you should take the Highway A8 toward Milano and then follow indications toward Genova taking highway A7. Then the second exit (Bereguardo Pavia Nord) leads to Pavia downtown.
  • Arriving at Linate: you should take the Highway Tangenziale Est (toward Bologna & Genova) and then take the Highway Tangenziale Ovest toward Genova. From this road there is the connection to Highway A7 to Genova. Then the second exit (Bereguardo Pavia Nord) leads to Pavia downtown.


Abstracts of papers presented at this meeting will be published in an upcoming issue of Journal of the History of the Neurosciences: Basic and Clinical Aspects, the official journal of the ISHN, the European Club for the History of Neurology (ECHN), and the World Federation of Neurology Research Group for the History of the Neurosciences. A subscription to the journal is included in Full membership in the ISHN.



ISHN members Marco Piccolino ( and Nick Wade ( are organizing a four-day period of scientific- cultural tours and discussions based at the Villa di Corliano in San Giuliano Terme, Tuscany, midway between Pisa and Luca, immediately following the ISHN/2006 conference. A description of the informal proposal is available at: . Practical information will be organized following statements of interest regarding the gathering. Please contact Dr. Piccolino or Dr. Wade as soon as possible, because there are a limited number of rooms (11 double and twin) in the hotel.



The next Cajal Club meeting, The Legacy of Golgi and Cajal: Celebrating a Century of Neuroscience Progress after the 1906 Nobel Prize, will be organized in Stockholm, Sweden by several members of the ISHN, including Larry Swanson (Cajal Club President), and will feature a conference banquet with presentations by Javier De Felipe on Cajal and Marina Bentivoglio on Golgi. For details, see:


ISHN 11th Annual Meeting Preliminary Program and Registration

Last modified: 24 April 2006