Disorder Guide

Jennifer is a 17-year-old junior in high school. Recently, her teachers are reporting she is falling asleep in her classes. In general, Jennifer is a good student and her recent behavior has been a surprise to both the school counselor and Jennifer’s parents. In a recent meeting with the counselor, Jennifer reluctantly stated she has been having problems sleeping and when she is able to fall...
Alex is a 3-year old boy who is not yet talking and prefers to play alone.  Parents report that as a young child Alex rarely looked at them when they spoke to him or called his name and that they even wondered if he was having difficulty hearing them. His hearing was tested and was within normal limits. Presently Alex spends most of his time re-watching his favorite television episodes...
Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa A child or teen – boy or girl – feels too heavy. In most cases, they’re not. Either they eat far too little and become alarmingly thin, strangely insisting even more weight loss is needed, or they seem unable to stop eating. They weigh themselves often, but resist eating at all cost; they exercise more frequently than necessary, offer endless excuses why...
Neurobehavioral Disorder associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders) Billy’s parents describe him as “all over the place.”  They mention that he has trouble controlling his impulses and he is quick-to-anger.  Teachers have commented that he lacks focus and attention, and his grades are poor.   Parents worry that his behavioral problems...
Miranda is an 11-year old girl who describes herself as a "worry bug," and her friends and family often tell her that she worries too much. Miranda also finds it difficult to control her worries, which range from being on time for classes, her grades, upcoming tests and soccer games, losing her friends, angering her parents, her appearance, whether or teachers like her, and which university she...
Sara is a 10 year-old girl who acquires and saves lots of items that her parents think should be thrown away. She collects pens that have run out of ink, nubs of pencils, dried out markers, and pieces of scrap paper from art projects at school. Sara also saves every single school assignment and does not permit her mother to throw away old school flyers and notices. When her parents have...
Chris is a -year-old boy who has difficulty with all of his school subjects. Chris is able to concentrate on his homework, but says it is hard for him to complete his assignments because they are “too hard”. Chris tells his parents “I’m not any good at school”.  He has become increasingly frustrated with his school assignments and is having difficulty keeping up in class. What is...
Ethan is in first grade and has been having difficulty keeping up with the materials learned in class. According to his teacher, he seems to have trouble remembering class lessons, has difficulty completing class work, works slowly, demonstrates numerous letter and number reversals, and refuses to read in class. At home, starting and finishing homework is laborious and often results in crying...
Tamara was 16 when she passed out and woke up with someone else’s heart beating inside her. Her family was overjoyed with this lifesaving miracle. But Tamara found herself feeling guilty and unworthy of this precious gift. Her family couldn’t understand how Tamara could feel that way. The FOCUS (Families OverComing Under Stress) team at the UCLA Nathanson Family Resilience Center was there...
Justin is a 16-year old boy who has always been a sensitive child, prone to worry about a variety of situations such as doing well in school and violent events that he might hear about on the news or in the local community. Justin reports that he is a perfectionistic when completing school assignments, sometimes checking and re-checking assignments late into the night. Additionally, he checks...
Brian is a fifteen-year old who has occasional worries, right before a big math test or when heading to a party with kids that he doesn’t know too well. About a month ago, however, he experienced anxiety that came on suddenly and out of the blue. This panic attack occurred in the car. Brian said that during this attack, he experienced chest pains, trouble breathing, tingling in his hands and feet...
Jack is 14 years old and in his freshman year of high school. He enjoys school, hanging out with his friends, and participates in a variety of extracurricular activities, but lately has been having a hard time getting along with his parents. They ask him lots of questions about school and his friends, and this is pretty annoying for Jack. If he doesn’t answer his parents, they yell at him and...
Jennifer is a 17-year-old junior in high school. Recently, her teachers are reporting she is falling asleep in her classes. In general, Jennifer is a good student and her recent behavior has been a surprise to both the school counselor and Jennifer’s parents. In a recent meeting with the counselor, Jennifer reluctantly stated she has been having problems sleeping and when she is able to fall...
James is a 10-year old boy who lives with his two parents, and older sister. James has always been close with his parents, and cautious around strangers, but lately his parents have noticed him engaging in behavior they would describe as “clingy”.  This behavior began shortly after watching a scary movie. Since then James has been afraid to sleep by himself. He often asks his parents to lay...
Maria is an 8-year old girl who has always been extremely shy, prone to worry about what her classmates and friends think about her. Maria is unable to order meals at restaurants, whispering her order to one of her parents rather than telling the server. Maria avoids playing sports at recess in fear that she may do something that might make her look foolish What is social anxiety? Social...
Sam is a 9-year old boy who over the past two years has developed involuntary motor movements such as eyeblinking, head nodding, and shoulder shrugging.  In addition, he has begun to make repetitive coughing and sniffing sounds that he can’t seem to control.  These motor and vocal tics occur regularly, multiple times in a day, and have been present consistently for over one year. ...