Substance use among adolescents of parents living with HIV in New York City.

TitleSubstance use among adolescents of parents living with HIV in New York City.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsWu, N, Lester P, Jiang L, Weiss R, Slocum S, Rotheram-Borus MJ
JournalSubstance use & misuse
Volume46
Issue6
Pagination795-807
Date Published2011
ISSN1532-2491
KeywordsAdaptation, Psychological, Adolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Adult, Child, Child of Impaired Parents, Female, HIV Infections, Humans, Male, New York City, Risk Factors, Substance-Related Disorders
Abstract

We examined the relationship of community, interpersonal, and personal risk and protective factors to substance use among adolescents of parents with HIV (PWH). Families with HIV (n = 269 PWH and 409 adolescents) from New York City were recruited, and multivariate models were used to examine the associations. Adjusting for age, gender, and ethnicity, substance use was positively associated in univariate analyses with parental substance use, family conflict, adolescent emotional distress, and adverse life events; having academically oriented friends and religiosity were protective. In the multivariate model, multiple problem behaviors (e.g., delinquency) and substance-using peers were significantly associated with substance use. The patterns of associations between the risk factors and substance use are similar to those of adolescents in families not impacted by HIV. Interventions aimed at improving parental care, reducing maladaptive peer networks, and decreasing problem behaviors are important strategies to explore in future prevention studies.

DOI10.1111/j.1530-0277.2011.01591.x
Alternate JournalSubst Use Misuse