Behavior therapy for tics in children: acute and long-term effects on psychiatric and psychosocial functioning.
|Title||Behavior therapy for tics in children: acute and long-term effects on psychiatric and psychosocial functioning.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||Woods, DW, Piacentini JC, Scahill L, Peterson AL, Wilhelm S, Chang S, Deckersbach T, McGuire J, Specht M, Conelea CA, Rozenman M, Dzuria J, Liu H, Levi-Pearl S, Walkup JT|
|Journal||Journal of child neurology|
|Date Published||2011 Jul|
|Keywords||Adolescent, Behavior Therapy, Child, Female, Humans, Male, Mental Disorders, Psychology, Social Behavior Disorders, Tic Disorders, Time, Tourette Syndrome, Treatment Outcome|
Children (n = 126) ages 9 to 17 years with chronic tic or Tourette disorder were randomly assigned to receive either behavior therapy or a control treatment over 10 weeks. This study examined acute effects of behavior therapy on secondary psychiatric symptoms and psychosocial functioning and long-term effects on these measures for behavior therapy responders only. Baseline and end point assessments conducted by a masked independent evaluator assessed several secondary psychiatric symptoms and measures of psychosocial functioning. Responders to behavior therapy at the end of the acute phase were reassessed at 3-month and 6-month follow-up. Children in the behavior therapy and control conditions did not differentially improve on secondary psychiatric or psychosocial outcome measures at the end of the acute phase. At 6-month posttreatment, positive response to behavior therapy was associated with decreased anxiety, disruptive behavior, and family strain and improved social functioning. Behavior therapy is a tic-specific treatment for children with tic disorders.
|Alternate Journal||J. Child Neurol.|