A laboratory school comparison of mixed amphetamine salts extended release (Adderall XR) and atomoxetine (Strattera) in school-aged children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

TitleA laboratory school comparison of mixed amphetamine salts extended release (Adderall XR) and atomoxetine (Strattera) in school-aged children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsWigal, SB, McGough JJ, McCracken JT, Biederman J, Spencer TJ, Posner KL, Wigal TL, Kollins SH, Clark TM, Mays DA, Zhang Y, Tulloch SJ
JournalJournal of attention disorders
Volume9
Issue1
Pagination275-89
Date Published2005 Aug
ISSN1087-0547
KeywordsAmphetamines, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, Central Nervous System Stimulants, Child, Delayed-Action Preparations, Double-Blind Method, Drug Administration Schedule, Female, Humans, Male, Norepinephrine, Propylamines, Treatment Outcome
Abstract

Mixed amphetamine salts extended release (MAS XR; Adderall XR) and atomoxetine (Strattera) were compared in children 6 to 12 years old with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) combined or hyperactive/impulsive type in a randomized, double-blind, multicenter, parallel-group, forced-dose-escalation laboratory school study. Primary efficacy measure was the SKAMP (Swanson, Kotkin, Agler, M-Flynn, and Pelham) behavioral rating scale. Changes in mean SKAMP deportment scores from baseline were significantly greater for MAS XR (n = 102) than for atomoxetine (n = 101) overall (-0.56 and -0.13, respectively; p < .0001) and at each week (p < .001). Adverse events were similar for both treatment groups. The extended time course of action and greater therapeutic efficacy of MAS XR suggests that it is more effective than atomoxetine in children with ADHD.

DOI10.1016/j.comppsych.2011.05.003
Alternate JournalJ Atten Disord