Threat interpretation bias as a vulnerability factor in childhood anxiety disorders.

TitleThreat interpretation bias as a vulnerability factor in childhood anxiety disorders.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsWaters, AM, Craske MG, Bergman LR, Treanor M
JournalBehaviour research and therapy
Volume46
Issue1
Pagination39-47
Date Published2008 Jan
ISSN0005-7967
KeywordsAnxiety Disorders, Bias (Epidemiology), Child, cognition, Cognitive Therapy, Fear, Female, Humans, Male
Abstract

The present study examined threat interpretation biases in children 7-12 years of age with separation, social and generalised anxiety disorders (N=15), non-anxious offspring at risk due to parental anxiety (N=16) and non-anxious controls of non-anxious parents (N=14). Children provided interpretations of ambiguous situations to assess cognitive, emotional and behavioural responses. In comparison with non-anxious control children and at-risk children who did not differ from each other, anxious children reported stronger negative emotion and less ability to influence ambiguous situations. These results suggest that threat interpretation bias may be a cognitive factor associated with ongoing childhood anxiety but not a vulnerability factor associated with parental anxiety.

DOI10.1111/j.1751-7893.2009.00137.x
Alternate JournalBehav Res Ther