Increased stress and smaller anterior hippocampal volume.

TitleIncreased stress and smaller anterior hippocampal volume.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsSzeszko, PR, Betensky JD, Mentschel C, Gunduz-Bruce H, Lencz T, Ashtari M, Malhotra AK, Bilder RM
JournalNeuroreport
Volume17
Issue17
Pagination1825-8
Date Published2006 Nov 27
ISSN0959-4965
KeywordsAdult, Brain Mapping, Female, Hippocampus, Humans, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Neuropsychological Tests, Stress, Psychological
Abstract

Animal studies indicate that stress negatively impacts hippocampal structure; little is known, however, regarding the relationship between stress and hippocampal morphology in healthy humans. Twenty-one healthy adults underwent structural magnetic resonance imaging examinations and completed the Derogatis Stress Profile. Greater psychological stress at the time of the scan correlated significantly and more strongly with anterior than posterior hippocampal volume. These findings suggest that psychological stress may be associated with structural alterations in the anterior hippocampal formation and that this relationship may differ along the rostrocaudal axis of the hippocampus. Our results may also have implications for neuropsychiatric disorders that have implicated stress and hippocampal abnormalities in their pathogenesis.

Alternate JournalNeuroreport