Executive functioning predicts social skills following prenatal alcohol exposure.

TitleExecutive functioning predicts social skills following prenatal alcohol exposure.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsSchonfeld, AM, Paley B, Frankel F, O'Connor MJ
JournalChild neuropsychology : a journal on normal and abnormal development in childhood and adolescence
Date Published2006 Dec
KeywordsAge Factors, Central Nervous System Depressants, Child, Child Behavior Disorders, cognition, Ethanol, Faculty, Female, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Humans, Interpersonal Relations, Male, Parents, Predictive Value of Tests, Pregnancy, Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects, Sex Factors, Social Behavior

Adverse sequelae of prenatal alcohol exposure include executive function and social skills impairments, although these two domains have not been empirically linked in alcohol-exposed individuals. This study investigated this relationship using the BRIEF and the SSRS in 98 children aged 6 to 11 years. Executive functions explained a significant percentage of variance in parent and teacher rated social skills. No differences were found among children with diagnoses of FAS, partial FAS, or alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder. It may be helpful to consider executive functioning in designing social skills interventions for alcohol-exposed children whether or not they have full FAS.

Alternate JournalChild Neuropsychol