Neural correlates of direct and reflected self-appraisals in adolescents and adults: when social perspective-taking informs self-perception.
|Title||Neural correlates of direct and reflected self-appraisals in adolescents and adults: when social perspective-taking informs self-perception.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2009|
|Authors||Pfeifer, JH, Masten CL, Borofsky LA, Dapretto M, Fuligni AJ, Lieberman MD|
|Date Published||2009 Jul-Aug|
|Keywords||Adolescent, Adult, Child, Culture, Female, Frontal Lobe, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Nerve Net, Parietal Lobe, Prefrontal Cortex, Self Concept, Social Perception, Temporal Lobe, Young Adult|
Classic theories of self-development suggest people define themselves in part through internalized perceptions of other people's beliefs about them, known as reflected self-appraisals. This study uses functional magnetic resonance imaging to compare the neural correlates of direct and reflected self-appraisals in adolescence (N = 12, ages 11-14 years) and adulthood (N = 12, ages 23-30 years). During direct self-reflection, adolescents demonstrated greater activity than adults in networks relevant to self-perception (medial prefrontal and parietal cortices) and social-cognition (dorsomedial prefrontal cortex, temporal-parietal junction, and posterior superior temporal sulcus), suggesting adolescent self-construals may rely more heavily on others' perspectives about the self. Activity in the medial fronto-parietal network was also enhanced when adolescents took the perspective of someone more relevant to a given domain.
|Alternate Journal||Child Dev|