Sleep and gambling severity in a community sample of gamblers.

TitleSleep and gambling severity in a community sample of gamblers.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsParhami, I, Siani A, Rosenthal RJ, Lin S, Collard M, Fong TW
JournalJournal of addictive diseases
Volume31
Issue1
Pagination67-79
Date Published2012
ISSN1545-0848
KeywordsAdult, Analysis of Variance, Chi-Square Distribution, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Gambling, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Questionnaires, Sleep disorders
Abstract

Although sleep has been extensively studied in substance related disorders, it has yet to be examined as thoroughly in gambling-related disorders. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between gambling severity and sleep disturbances in a sample of non-treatment seeking gamblers (N = 96) using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). Mean ESS scores for recreational, problem, and pathological gamblers were 4.13, 5.81, and 8.69, respectively, with a significant difference between pathological gamblers and both problem (P = .007) and recreational gamblers (P < .001). Mean PSQI scores for recreational, problem, and pathological gamblers were 3.35, 5.30, and 5.44, respectively, with a significant difference in sleep quality between recreational and problem gamblers (P = .018), as well as recreational and pathological gamblers (P = .008). As the first study to use objective sleep measures, these findings will not only increase awareness of this relationship, but also provide a foundation on which others can investigate the benefits of screening and adjunct treatment for sleep disorders in the gambling population.

DOI10.1042/AN20110027
Alternate JournalJ Addict Dis