Reliable assessment of lower limb motor representations with fMRI: use of a novel MR compatible device for real-time monitoring of ankle, knee and hip torques.
|Title||Reliable assessment of lower limb motor representations with fMRI: use of a novel MR compatible device for real-time monitoring of ankle, knee and hip torques.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2008|
|Authors||Newton, JM, Dong Y, Hidler J, Plummer-D'Amato P, Marehbian J, Albistegui-Dubois RM, Woods RP, Dobkin BH|
|Date Published||2008 Oct 15|
|Keywords||Adult, Computer Systems, Equipment Design, Equipment Failure Analysis, Evoked Potentials, Motor, Female, Humans, Joints, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged, Monitoring, Physiologic, Motor Cortex, Movement, Reproducibility of Results, Sensitivity and Specificity, Torque|
This study describes the use of a novel magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compatible system capable of measuring isometric ankle, knee and hip joint torques in real-time during functional MRI (fMRI) testing in healthy volunteers. The motor representations of three isometric torques--ankle dorsiflexion, ankle plantarflexion and knee extension--were studied at two time points. The reliability of motor performance and fMRI-derived measures of brain activity across sessions was examined. Reproducible motor performance was observed for each of the tasks; torques of the requested amplitude, assisted by visual feedback, were generated at the relevant joint with good accuracy, both within and across the two sessions. Significant blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signal increases were observed in the left primary sensorimotor cortex (SM1) in the paracentral lobule and in secondary motor areas for all tasks. Within these areas there was substantial overlap of the motor representations though differential activation was observed in SM1, with greater activation of inferior paracentral lobule during knee extension than for either ankle task. Also, BOLD signal decreases were observed bilaterally within SM1 in the hand knob region for all tasks. No major session-related effects were identified at the group level. High intraclass correlation coefficients were observed for t-values of voxels in cortical motor areas for each contraction type for individuals, suggesting that fMRI-derived activity across time points was reliable. These findings support the use of this apparatus in serial studies of lower limb function.