Glutamatergic and cholinergic projections to the pontine inhibitory area identified with horseradish peroxidase retrograde transport and immunohistochemistry.

TitleGlutamatergic and cholinergic projections to the pontine inhibitory area identified with horseradish peroxidase retrograde transport and immunohistochemistry.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1993
AuthorsLai, YY, Clements JR, Siegel JM
JournalThe Journal of comparative neurology
Volume336
Issue3
Pagination321-30
Date Published1993 Oct 15
ISSN0021-9967
Keywordsacetylcholine, Afferent Pathways, Animals, Biological Transport, Brain Mapping, Cats, Female, Glutamates, Glutamic Acid, Horseradish Peroxidase, Immunohistochemistry, Male, NADPH Dehydrogenase, pons, Wheat Germ Agglutinin-Horseradish Peroxidase Conjugate, Wheat Germ Agglutinins
Abstract

Previous studies in our laboratory have shown that microinjection of acetylcholine and non-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate agonists into the pontine inhibitory area (PIA) induce muscle atonia. The present experiment was designed to identify the PIA afferents that could be responsible for these effects, by use of retrograde transport of wheat germ agglutinin conjugated horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP), glutamate immunohistochemistry and NADPH-diaphorase staining techniques. Experiments were performed in both decerebrate and intact cats. Dense retrograde WGA-HRP labelling was found in neurons in the periaqueductal gray (PAG) and mesencephalic reticular formation (MRF) at the red nucleus (RN) level, ventral portion of paralemniscal tegmental field (vFTP), retrorubral nucleus (RRN), contralateral side of PIA (cPIA), pontis reticularis centralis caudalis (PoC), and most rostral portion of the nucleus parvicellularis (NPV) and nucleus praepositus hypoglossi (PH) at the level of the pontomedullary junction; moderate labelling was seen in pedunculopontine nucleus, pars compacta (PPNc), laterodorsal tegmental nucleus (LDT), superior colliculus (SC), MRF and PAG at the level caudal to RN, medial and superior vestibular nuclei, and principle sensory trigeminal nucleus (5P); and light labelling was seen in dorsal raphe (DR) and locus coeruleus complex (LCC). The projection neurons were predominantly ipsilateral to the injection site, except for both vFTP and RRN, which had more projection cells on the contralateral side. Double labelled WGA-HRP/NADPH-d neurons could be found in PPNc and LDT. Double labelled WGA-HRP/glutamatergic neurons could be seen at high densities in MRF, RRN, vFTP, and cPIA, moderate densities in SC, LDT, PPNc, PoC, and NPV, and low densities in PH, 5P, DR, LCC, and PAG.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

DOI10.1111/j.1365-2869.2012.01023.x
Alternate JournalJ. Comp. Neurol.