Cognitive-behavioral therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents.

TitleCognitive-behavioral therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsKircanski, K, Peris TS, Piacentini JC
JournalChild and adolescent psychiatric clinics of North America
Volume20
Issue2
Pagination239-54
Date Published2011 Apr
ISSN1558-0490
KeywordsAdolescent, Child, Cognitive Therapy, Family, Humans, Implosive Therapy, Models, Psychological, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Abstract

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common, chronic, and impairing condition in youth. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), now widely recognized as the gold standard intervention for childhood OCD, relies on exposure and response prevention, and also includes psychoeducation, creation of a symptom hierarchy, imaginal exposures, cognitive interventions, and a contingency management system. This article reviews the theoretical underpinnings of current CBT approaches, key components of treatment, developmental considerations specific to childhood OCD, and evidence supporting the use of this psychosocial intervention. The current state of knowledge will be aided by further study of predictors and mechanisms of CBT treatment response.

DOI10.1111/j.1530-0277.2011.01591.x
Alternate JournalChild Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am