Serotonin 1A receptors in the living brain of Alzheimer's disease patients.

TitleSerotonin 1A receptors in the living brain of Alzheimer's disease patients.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsKepe, V, Barrio JR, Huang S-C, Ercoli L, Siddarth P, Shoghi-Jadid K, Cole GM, Satyamurthy N, Cummings JL, Small GW, Phelps ME
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Date Published2006 Jan 17
KeywordsAlzheimer Disease, Autoradiography, Brain, Female, Fluorodeoxyglucose F18, Humans, Male, Nitriles, Positron-Emission Tomography, Protein Binding, Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT1A

4-[F-18]fluoro-N-{2-[4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl}-N-(2-pyridinyl)benzamide, a selective serotonin 1A (5-HT(1A)) molecular imaging probe, was used in conjunction with positron emission tomography (PET) for quantification of 5-HT(1A) receptor densities in the living brains of Alzheimer's disease patients (ADs) (n = 8), subjects with mild cognitive impairment (n = 6), and controls (n = 5). ADs had receptor densities significantly decreased in both hippocampi (binding potential: controls 1.62 +/- 0.07; ADs 1.18 +/- 0.26) and also in raphe nuclei (controls 0.63 +/- 0.09; ADs 0.37 +/- 0.20). When volume losses are included, 5-HT(1A) losses are even more severe (i.e., average mean decreases of 24% in mild cognitive impairment patients and 49% in ADs). A strong correlation of 5-HT(1A) receptor decreases in hippocampus with worsening of clinical symptoms (Mini Mental State Exam scores) was also found. Moreover, these decreases in 5-HT(1A) receptor measures correlate with decreased glucose utilization as measured with 2-deoxy-2-[F-18]fluoro-d-glucose PET in the brains of ADs (standardized uptake values; globally: controls 0.89 +/- 0.04, ADs 0.72 +/- 0.04; posterior cingulate gyrus: controls 1.05 +/- 0.09, ADs 0.79 +/- 0.11). They also inversely correlate with increased neuropathological loads measured with 2-(1-{6-[(2-[F-18]fluoroethyl)(methyl)amino]-2-naphthyl}ethylidene)malononitrile PET in several neocortical regions in the same subjects. The in vivo observations were confirmed independently by in vitro digital autoradiography with 4-[F-18]fluoro-N-{2-[4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl}-N-(2-pyridinyl)benzamide and 2-(1-{6-[(2-[F-18]fluoroethyl)(methyl)amino]-2-naphthyl}-ethylidene)malononitrile on brain tissue specimens from two ADs and three nondemented subjects.

Alternate JournalProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.