Cigarette smoking and white matter microstructure.
|Title||Cigarette smoking and white matter microstructure.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||Hudkins, M, O'Neill J, Tobias MC, Bartzokis G, London ED|
|Date Published||2012 May|
Diffusion tensor imaging has been used before in testing associations between cigarette smoking and white matter integrity, with inconsistent results. Published reports indicate higher fractional anisotropy (FA, a measure of linear water diffusion) in some brain regions and lower FA in others in adult smokers compared to nonsmokers. Adolescent smokers exhibited elevated FA at several brain regions and a positive correlation of FA in the genu corpus callosum with exposure to smoking (pack-years).
|Alternate Journal||Psychopharmacology (Berl.)|