CNTNAP2 gene dosage variation is associated with schizophrenia and epilepsy.

TitleCNTNAP2 gene dosage variation is associated with schizophrenia and epilepsy.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsFriedman, JI, Vrijenhoek T, Markx S, Janssen IM, van der Vliet WA, Faas BHW, Knoers NV, Cahn W, Kahn RS, Edelmann L, Davis KL, Silverman JM, Brunner HG, van Kessel GA, Wijmenga C, Ophoff RA, Veltman JA
JournalMolecular psychiatry
Volume13
Issue3
Pagination261-6
Date Published2008 Mar
ISSN1476-5578
KeywordsAdult, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7, Epilepsy, Female, Gene Dosage, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Humans, In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence, Male, Membrane Proteins, Middle Aged, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Schizophrenia, Sequence Analysis
Abstract

A homozygous mutation of the CNTNAP2 gene has been associated with a syndrome of focal epilepsy, mental retardation, language regression and other neuropsychiatric problems in children of the Old Order Amish community. Here we report genomic rearrangements resulting in haploinsufficiency of the CNTNAP2 gene in association with epilepsy and schizophrenia. Genomic deletions of varying sizes affecting the CNTNAP2 gene were identified in three non-related Caucasian patients. In contrast, we did not observe any dosage variation for this gene in 512 healthy controls. Moreover, this genomic region has not been identified as showing large-scale copy number variation. Our data thus confirm an association of CNTNAP2 to epilepsy outside the Old Order Amish population and suggest that dosage alteration of this gene may lead to a complex phenotype of schizophrenia, epilepsy and cognitive impairment.

DOI10.1038/ng.2250
Alternate JournalMol. Psychiatry