MMSE items predict cognitive decline in persons with genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease.

TitleMMSE items predict cognitive decline in persons with genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsErcoli, LM, Siddarth P, Dunkin JJ, Bramen J, Small GW
JournalJournal of geriatric psychiatry and neurology
Date Published2003 Jun
KeywordsAged, Alzheimer Disease, Apolipoproteins E, Apraxias, Cognition Disorders, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Middle Aged, Neuropsychological Tests, Perceptual Disorders, Predictive Value of Tests, Risk Factors, Severity of Illness Index, Space Perception, Visual Perception

Performance on individual Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) items can predict incident Alzheimer's disease (AD). The purpose of the current study is to determine whether, in nondemented persons with and without the apolipoprotein E-4 (APOE-4) genetic risk for AD, a subset of MMSE items predict cognitive decline. Fifty-four nondemented subjects, 23 with at least one copy of the APOE-4 allele and 31 without APOE-4, were given the MMSE and cognitive tests at baseline and 2-year follow-up. MMSE total score and a subset of MMSE items including delayed recall, serial 7s, pentagon, and orientation to time and place were used to predict change on cognitive tests. The subset of MMSE items significantly predicted decline in visuo-spatial construction and naming in APOE-4 carriers but not in noncarriers. Performance on a subset of MMSE items, combined with APOE-4 genotype, may aid in identifying high-risk persons for research or follow-up.

Alternate JournalJ Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol