Reduction of the Pa(CO2) set point during hyperthermic exercise in the sheep.

TitleReduction of the Pa(CO2) set point during hyperthermic exercise in the sheep.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsEntin, PL, Robertshaw D, Rawson RE
JournalComparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology
Date Published2005 Mar
KeywordsAir, Animals, Arteries, Body Temperature, Body Temperature Regulation, Carbon Dioxide, Fever, Hypocapnia, Insufflation, Motor Activity, Partial Pressure, Rest, Sheep, Trachea

In animals that rely on the respiratory system for both gas exchange and heat loss, exercise can generate conflict between chemoregulation and thermoregulation. We hypothesized that in panting animals, hypocapnia during hyperthermic exercise reflects a reduction in the arterial CO2 tension (Pa(CO2)) set point. To test this hypothesis, five sheep were subjected to tracheal insufflations of CO2 or air (control) at 3-4 L min(-1) in 3 min bouts at 5 min intervals over 31 min of exercise. During exercise, rectal temperature and minute ventilation (V(E)) rose continuously while Pa(CO2) fell from 35.4+/-3.1 to 18.6+/-2.9 Torr and 34.3+/-2.4 to 18.7+/-1.5 Torr in air and CO2 trials, respectively. Air insufflations did not affect V(E) or Pa(CO2). V(E) increased during CO2 insufflations via a shift to higher tidal volume and lower frequency. CO2 insufflations also increased Pa(CO2), although not above the pre-exercise level. Within 5 min after each CO2 insufflation, Pa(CO2) had decreased to match that following the equivalent air insufflation. These results are consistent with a reduced Pa(CO2) set point or an increased gain of the Pa(CO2) regulatory system during hyperthermic exercise. Either change in the control of Pa(CO2) could facilitate respiratory evaporative heat loss by mitigating homeostatic conflict.

Alternate JournalComp. Biochem. Physiol., Part A Mol. Integr. Physiol.