Is all risk bad? Young adult cigarette smokers fail to take adaptive risk in a laboratory decision-making test.
|Title||Is all risk bad? Young adult cigarette smokers fail to take adaptive risk in a laboratory decision-making test.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||Dean, AC, Sugar CA, Hellemann G, London ED|
|Date Published||2011 Jun|
|Keywords||Adaptation, Psychological, Adolescent, Adult, Case-Control Studies, Decision Making, Female, Humans, Male, Personality, Psychological Tests, Risk-Taking, Smoking, Social Class, Young Adult|
Cigarette smoking has been linked to real-world risky behavior, but this association has been based largely on retrospective self-reports. Limitations of self-report data can be avoided by using laboratory, performance-based measures, such as the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART; Lejuez et al., J Exp Psychol Appl 8:75-84, 2002). Initial studies have suggested that smokers display greater risk-taking on this task than nonsmokers, but these studies did not account for drug abuse and psychiatric comorbidities, which are commonplace among smokers.
|Alternate Journal||Psychopharmacology (Berl.)|