Is all risk bad? Young adult cigarette smokers fail to take adaptive risk in a laboratory decision-making test.

TitleIs all risk bad? Young adult cigarette smokers fail to take adaptive risk in a laboratory decision-making test.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsDean, AC, Sugar CA, Hellemann G, London ED
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume215
Issue4
Pagination801-11
Date Published2011 Jun
ISSN1432-2072
KeywordsAdaptation, Psychological, Adolescent, Adult, Case-Control Studies, Decision Making, Female, Humans, Male, Personality, Psychological Tests, Risk-Taking, Smoking, Social Class, Young Adult
Abstract

Cigarette smoking has been linked to real-world risky behavior, but this association has been based largely on retrospective self-reports. Limitations of self-report data can be avoided by using laboratory, performance-based measures, such as the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART; Lejuez et al., J Exp Psychol Appl 8:75-84, 2002). Initial studies have suggested that smokers display greater risk-taking on this task than nonsmokers, but these studies did not account for drug abuse and psychiatric comorbidities, which are commonplace among smokers.

DOI10.1042/AN20110027
Alternate JournalPsychopharmacology (Berl.)