The making of contemporary American psychiatry, Part 2: therapeutics and gender before and after World War II.
|Title||The making of contemporary American psychiatry, Part 2: therapeutics and gender before and after World War II.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2005|
|Authors||Braslow, JT, Starks SL|
|Journal||History of psychology|
|Date Published||2005 Aug|
|Keywords||Antipsychotic Agents, California, Electroconvulsive Therapy, Female, History, 20th Century, Hospitals, Psychiatric, Humans, Institutionalization, Male, Mental Disorders, Psychiatry, Psychosurgery, Sex Factors, Social Values|
In this article, the 2nd in a 2-part series, the authors use patient records from California's Stockton State Hospital to explore the changing role of gender norms and other cultural values in the care of psychiatric patients. The authors show that cultural values are always imbedded in psychiatric practice and that their role in that practice depends on the patients, treatments, and therapeutic rationales present in a given therapeutic encounter. Because the decade following World War II witnessed dramatic changes in psychiatry's patients, therapeutics, and rationales, Stockton State Hospital's patient records from this time period allow the authors to show not only the extent to which gender norms shape psychiatric practice but also how psychiatry's expansion into the problems of everyday life has led to psychiatry taking a more subtle and yet more active role in enforcing societal norms.
|Alternate Journal||Hist Psychol|