[Prevalence of and screening for ADHD in Costa Rica].
|Title||[Prevalence of and screening for ADHD in Costa Rica].|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||Berrocal, M, Peskin V, Weiss N, Schuler J, Monge S, McGough JJ, Chavira D, Bagnarello M, Herrera LD, Mathews CA|
|Journal||Vertex (Buenos Aires, Argentina)|
|Date Published||2011 Sep-Oct|
This research project sought to estimate the prevalence of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and to determine if the Swanson Nolan and Pelham Rating Scale IV (SNAP-IV) Spanish version is a useful screening tool in a population of Costa Rican school children. The SNAP-IV Spanish version was given to the parents and teachers of 425 children aged 5 to 13 (mean 8.8). All subjects were also assessed with the Swanson, Kotkin, Agler, M-Flynn and Pelham Scale (SKAMP), along with diagnostic confirmation by clinical interview. The sensitivity and specificity of the SNAP-IV was assessed as a predictor of DSM-IV ADHD diagnosis. The point prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in this sample was 5%. The prevalence of ADHD among girls was 7%, while that among boys was 4%. The optimal screen was the teacher-rated SNAP-IV at a 20% cutoff, which had a sensitivity of 96% and specificity of 82%. Parent sensitivities were lower than teacher sensitivities. SNAP-IV teacher ratings with a cutoff isolating the top 20% of scores correctly categorized 87% of children.