Resting state cortical rhythms in athletes: a high-resolution EEG study.

TitleResting state cortical rhythms in athletes: a high-resolution EEG study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsBabiloni, C, Marzano N, Iacoboni M, Infarinato F, Aschieri P, Buffo P, Cibelli G, Soricelli A, Eusebi F, Del Percio C
JournalBrain research bulletin
Volume81
Issue1
Pagination149-56
Date Published2010 Jan 15
ISSN1873-2747
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Analysis of Variance, Athletes, Brain, Electroencephalography, Female, Gymnastics, Humans, Male, Martial Arts, Rest, Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted, Tomography, Young Adult
Abstract

The present electroencephalographic (EEG) study tested the working hypothesis that the amplitude of resting state cortical EEG rhythms (especially alpha, 8-12 Hz) was higher in elite athletes compared with amateur athletes and non-athletes, as a reflection of the efficiency of underlying back-ground neural synchronization mechanisms. Eyes closed resting state EEG data were recorded in 16 elite karate athletes, 20 amateur karate athletes, and 25 non-athletes. The EEG rhythms of interest were delta (2-4 Hz), theta (4-8 Hz), alpha 1 (8-10.5 Hz), alpha 2 (10.5-13 Hz), beta 1 (13-20 Hz), and beta 2 (20-30 Hz). EEG cortical sources were estimated by low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography (LORETA). Statistical results showed that the amplitude of parietal and occipital alpha 1 sources was significantly higher in the elite karate athletes than in the non-athletes and karate amateur athletes. Similar results were observed in parietal and occipital delta sources as well as in occipital theta sources. Finally, a control confirmatory experiment showed that the amplitude of parietal and occipital delta and alpha 1 sources was stronger in 8 elite rhythmic gymnasts compared with 14 non-athletes. These results supported the hypothesis that cortical neural synchronization at the basis of eyes-closed resting state EEG rhythms is enhanced in elite athletes than in control subjects.

DOI10.1111/j.1460-9568.2012.08134.x
Alternate JournalBrain Res. Bull.