Mechanisms of mindfulness: emotion regulation following a focused breathing induction.

TitleMechanisms of mindfulness: emotion regulation following a focused breathing induction.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsArch, JJ, Craske MG
JournalBehaviour research and therapy
Volume44
Issue12
Pagination1849-58
Date Published2006 Dec
ISSN0005-7967
KeywordsAdaptation, Psychological, Adolescent, Adult, Analysis of Variance, Attention, Breathing Exercises, Emotions, Female, Heart Rate, Humans, Male, Respiration, Visual Perception, Volition
Abstract

The current study investigated whether a 15 min recorded focused breathing induction in a normal, primarily undergraduate population would decrease the intensity and negativity of emotional responses to affectively valenced picture slides and increase willingness to remain in contact with aversive picture slides. The effects of the focused breathing induction were compared with the effects of 15 min recorded inductions of unfocused attention and worrying. The focused breathing group maintained consistent, moderately positive responses to the neutral slides before and after the induction, whereas the unfocused attention and worry groups responded significantly more negatively to the neutral slides after the induction than before it. The focusing breathing group also reported lower negative affect and overall emotional volatility in response to the post-induction slides than the worry group, and greater willingness to view highly negative slides than the unfocused attention group. The lower-reported negative and overall affect in response to the final slide blocks, and greater willingness to view optional negative slides by the focused breathing group may be viewed as more adaptive responding to negative stimuli. The results are discussed as being consistent with emotional regulatory properties of mindfulness.

DOI10.1111/j.1751-7893.2009.00137.x
Alternate JournalBehav Res Ther