|Title||Do all animals sleep?|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2008|
|Authors||Siegel, JM |
|Journal||Trends in Neuroscience|
Some animals never exhibit a state that meets the behavioral definition of sleep. Others suspend or greatly reduce ‘sleep’ behavior for many weeks during the post- partum period or during seasonal migrations without any consequent ‘sleep debt.’ Rats die from one form of sleep deprivation, but sleep loss has not been shown to cause death in well-controlled studies in other vertebrate species. Some marine mammal species do not show evidence for REM sleep, and convincing evi- dence for this state in reptiles, fish and insects is lacking. The enormous variation in the nature of rest and sleep states across the animal kingdom and within the mam- malian class has important implications for understand- ing the evolution and functions of sleep.