How do I know if I have body dysmorphic disorder?
Here are questions that might help you decide if you are experiencing symptoms of BDD:
- Are you preoccupied with a specific aspect of your appearance that you believe is ugly or defective?
- Does this preoccupation cause you a lot of distress, or significantly affect your social life, your ability to work, your job performance, or other important areas of your life?
- Do you feel anxious, ashamed, depressed, or disgusted by specific aspects of your appearance?
- Do you spend more than an hour per day thinking about these specific aspects of your appearance?
- Are there behaviors do in regards to your appearance concerns, such as checking or avoiding mirrors, trying to hide parts of your appearance, or spending a long time getting ready to leave your residence?
- Have you seen doctors about changing your appearance significantly, by getting a cosmetic surgery or dermatology procedure?
If you answered yes to several of these questions, you might have BDD and should seek a full diagnostic evaluation.
How do I know if I have anorexia nervosa?
- Do you have a fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though others tell you that you are underweight?
- Has your body weight been significantly less than normal for your height?
- Do you see your body in a different way than others see it, or place a lot of value on your body weight and shape, or think that your low body weight is not a problem, even though others do?
- Have you had at least three months in a row when you did not have a period (menstruation), or do you only have a period when you are on birth control pills?
- To prevent weight gain do you restrict what you eat, or make yourself vomit, or exercise excessively, or use laxatives, diuretics, or diet pills?
If you answered yes to these questions then you might have anorexia nervosa and should seek a full diagnostic evaluation.